How to reclaim waste oil?
At this stage of technological progress, there is an urgent need for proper waste handling. Oil product waste, including used oils, is no exception.
Unfortunately, many countries still do not process industrial oils. Often waste oil is simply poured into reservoirs or soil, and at best – burned to obtain heat. Although, modern equipment reclaims oil, and also restores oil characteristics to the standard requirements. After treatment the oil is re-used for its intended purpose. The benefits of reclamation are obvious: oil service life is prolonged, the reliability of machines and mechanisms is increased, money is saved on purchase of fresh and utilization of used oil.
Ways of Waste Oil Reclamation
Industrial oils do not maintain their quality throughout service life. Their performance is impaired by various solid impurities, moisture, gases and aging products making them loose characteristics to be discharged as waste oil.
At the same time, oil companies need to solve two problems at once:
- change oil;
- utilize used oil.
For a while, there were no alternatives, but to replace used oil. With improvement of oil processing technologies were found better solutions in restoration used oil, improving its properties to the original level. Reclaimed oil fully meets the standard requirements and can be reused for its intended purpose.
Oil reclamation technologies
Oil reclamation technologies are based on physical, chemical or physicochemical processes. Oil with insignificant contamination and impurities can be cleaned by physical methods: sedimentation, centrifugation, filtration, and magnetic filtration.
Physico-chemical methods include selective adsorption and ion-exchange purification, as well as coagulation.
Chemical methods are the most difficult in technical implementation and costly. It is due to the expensive acids and alkalis that are added to oil to interact with pollutants.
What is the difference between oil reclamation and regeneration?
Waste oil is a hazardous waste that requires proper recycling. Defiance of existing legislative norms can lead to contamination of water bodies, soil, animal deaths and human diseases. Waste oil could be recycled in different ways: combusted to obtain heat, refined in oil refineries, reused after restoration of properties.
We will look at reclamation and regeneration. In fact, these are two different terms that are fairly close. Because of this similarity, their interchangeability often happens, but not always justified in all cases.
Reclamation or regeneration?
Oil reclamation is focused on the existing methods of oil recovery (physical, physicochemical and chemical) to improve oil performance.
Oil regeneration is a little broader and includes both oil reclamation and processing of crude oil at oil refineries. In the second case, after regeneration, are obtained several fractions that can be used to produce not only industrial oils, but also plastic lubricants, lubricating-cooling liquids.
Oil reclamation with GlobeCore equipment
GlobeCore is one of the leading manufacturers of equipment for reclamation of industrial oils – transformer, turbine, industrial, etc.
Each oil depot can select equipment with necessary productivity, depending on the degree of contamination and optimal cost.
GlobeCore technologies for industrial oil reclamation are implemented the following equipment
- High-vacuum degassing;
- Thermal vacuum drying;
- Mobile regeneration;
- Stationary regeneration.
The advantages of GlobeCore installations are:
- Easy maintaining heater;
- Universal 1 Micron 10″x2.5” Sediment filter cartridge;
- Evaporator with very high thermal efficiency
- Level reading and foam sensors.
At customer request all processes of oil reclamation can be completely automated. Also a customer may request remote control and process monitoring via a smartphone or a PC, an explosion-proof design, mounted on a trailer, on castor wheels, with moisture sensors and particle counter.
GlobeCore offers a beneficial solution in oil reclamation on-site. It saves money on transportation of used oil and money on recycling. The oil can be restored on-site with the help of special mobile units.
GlobeCore designers analyzed the existing technology, chose the optimal combination of oil purification methods, supplementing them with their own developments.
GlobeCore oil reclamation plants provide a complex treatment removing mechanical impurities, free and dissolved moisture, gases, aging products and additive’s decomposition form oil. The technology entails:
- Multistage filtration;
- High temperature and deep vacuum;
- Adsorption purification.
What does GlobeCore offer?
Industrial enterprises prefer to restore oil directly on-site, since oil refineries require additional transportation costs.
An ideal solution of this problem are CMM mobile oil regeneration units by GlobeCore. This equipment accomplishes complex oil processing, which removes solid particles, water, gases, aging products, acid constituents and other harmful impurities. As a result, the used oil that lost its properties before, can be reused.
GlobeCore oil recovery equipment is not the only one on the market, but it has significant advantages:
– Full recovery of oil performance (corresponds to the required ISO 4406 purity class);
– Economic (minimum oil loss during recovery);
– Reactivation of adsorbents;
– Automation of processes;
– Security system;
– Universal design;
– Come in three designs (on wheels, on a trailer, explosion protection, etc.);
– Adaptable dimensions for transportation (by road, sea, air).
In conclusion, we once again would like to point out the difference between cleaning and oil reclamation. Cleaning ensures removal of mechanical impurities, dissolved water and gases. It is a simple processing of oil that doesn’t contain aging products, acid constituents, additives decompositions. Oil reclamation treats oil where the aging processes have a pronounced character. With all acid components, sludge and degradation products removed, even waste oil can be returned into circulation.
To get more information on technical characteristics and selecting the necessary model of regeneration unit, please visit globecore.com